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Diversity Visa and Brain Drain from Africa.

How only the Highly qualified Africans are able to gain entry to the US.

The Diversity Visa program is designed to improve the multicultural composition of the US and tries to get people from many other countries as opposed to the traditional sources of immigrants in Europe.

The basic eligibility for this program is that someone needs to have a high school diploma. However the cost of transforming a green card lottery win into actual green card is so high that only well to do Africans are able to afford. This means that most of these are already people with high paying professional jobs or with such kind of family connections.

So the Diversity Visa program in effect is facilitating the movement of professional and technical workers from Africa to the United States and this is having a huge effect on the development of African Countries.

This brain drain is not facilitated by the US only. Many European countries restrict general immigration from Africa while allowing only professional and technical African people to immigrate.

Some of the costs involved when someone wins a Diversity lottery include cost of flight ticket to the US, lottery fee required of every applicant, travel to US Embassies, especially when there are no US Embassies in some countries, and the increased fees for application for permanent residence.

So most Africans who can afford these costs tend to be ones with a lot more education than the high school diploma required. And this leads to brain drain of the best and brightest of them.

Studies have also shown that African Countries that are losing their professional and Technical people end up doing worse economically that those that don't. This economic downturn in turn increases the problem because even the graduating students are not able to get jobs hence will want to emigrate more.

This problem can be solved if African Countries enter into negotiation with Northern countries to see how to reduce the brain Drain. Some solutions include the introduction of the J-Visa which aims to have professional and technical people return to their countries of origin after a few years in the US.